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expand.c

/* Variable expansion functions for GNU Make.
Copyright (C) 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997,
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 Free Software
Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GNU Make.

GNU Make is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.

GNU Make is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
GNU Make; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.  */

#include "make.h"

#include <assert.h>

#include "filedef.h"
#include "job.h"
#include "commands.h"
#include "variable.h"
#include "rule.h"

/* Initially, any errors reported when expanding strings will be reported
   against the file where the error appears.  */
const struct floc **expanding_var = &reading_file;

/* The next two describe the variable output buffer.
   This buffer is used to hold the variable-expansion of a line of the
   makefile.  It is made bigger with realloc whenever it is too small.
   variable_buffer_length is the size currently allocated.
   variable_buffer is the address of the buffer.

   For efficiency, it's guaranteed that the buffer will always have
   VARIABLE_BUFFER_ZONE extra bytes allocated.  This allows you to add a few
   extra chars without having to call a function.  Note you should never use
   these bytes unless you're _sure_ you have room (you know when the buffer
   length was last checked.  */

#define VARIABLE_BUFFER_ZONE    5

static unsigned int variable_buffer_length;
char *variable_buffer;

/* Subroutine of variable_expand and friends:
   The text to add is LENGTH chars starting at STRING to the variable_buffer.
   The text is added to the buffer at PTR, and the updated pointer into
   the buffer is returned as the value.  Thus, the value returned by
   each call to variable_buffer_output should be the first argument to
   the following call.  */

char *
variable_buffer_output (char *ptr, const char *string, unsigned int length)
{
  register unsigned int newlen = length + (ptr - variable_buffer);

  if ((newlen + VARIABLE_BUFFER_ZONE) > variable_buffer_length)
    {
      unsigned int offset = ptr - variable_buffer;
#ifdef KMK
      variable_buffer_length = variable_buffer_length <= 1024
                             ? 2048 : variable_buffer_length * 4;
      if (variable_buffer_length < newlen + 100)
          variable_buffer_length = (newlen + 100 + 1023) & ~1023U;
#else
      variable_buffer_length = (newlen + 100 > 2 * variable_buffer_length
                               ? newlen + 100
                               : 2 * variable_buffer_length);
#endif
      variable_buffer = xrealloc (variable_buffer, variable_buffer_length);
      ptr = variable_buffer + offset;
    }

  memcpy (ptr, string, length);
  return ptr + length;
}

/* Return a pointer to the beginning of the variable buffer.  */

static char *
initialize_variable_output (void)
{
  /* If we don't have a variable output buffer yet, get one.  */

  if (variable_buffer == 0)
    {
#ifdef KMK
      variable_buffer_length = 384;
#else
      variable_buffer_length = 200;
#endif
      variable_buffer = xmalloc (variable_buffer_length);
      variable_buffer[0] = '\0';
    }

  return variable_buffer;
}

/* Recursively expand V.  The returned string is malloc'd.  */

static char *allocated_variable_append (const struct variable *v);

char *
recursively_expand_for_file (struct variable *v, struct file *file)
{
  char *value;
  const struct floc *this_var;
  const struct floc **saved_varp;
  struct variable_set_list *save = 0;
  int set_reading = 0;

  /* Don't install a new location if this location is empty.
     This can happen for command-line variables, builtin variables, etc.  */
  saved_varp = expanding_var;
  if (v->fileinfo.filenm)
    {
      this_var = &v->fileinfo;
      expanding_var = &this_var;
    }

  /* If we have no other file-reading context, use the variable's context. */
  if (!reading_file)
    {
      set_reading = 1;
      reading_file = &v->fileinfo;
    }

  if (v->expanding)
    {
      if (!v->exp_count)
        /* Expanding V causes infinite recursion.  Lose.  */
        fatal (*expanding_var,
               _("Recursive variable `%s' references itself (eventually)"),
               v->name);
      --v->exp_count;
    }

  if (file)
    {
      save = current_variable_set_list;
      current_variable_set_list = file->variables;
    }

  v->expanding = 1;
  if (v->append)
    value = allocated_variable_append (v);
  else
    value = allocated_variable_expand (v->value);
  v->expanding = 0;

  if (set_reading)
    reading_file = 0;

  if (file)
    current_variable_set_list = save;

  expanding_var = saved_varp;

  return value;
}

/* Expand a simple reference to variable NAME, which is LENGTH chars long.  */

#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(_MSC_VER) /* bird added MSC */
__inline
#endif
static char *
reference_variable (char *o, const char *name, unsigned int length)
{
  struct variable *v;
  char *value;

  v = lookup_variable (name, length);

  if (v == 0)
    warn_undefined (name, length);

  /* If there's no variable by that name or it has no value, stop now.  */
  if (v == 0 || (*v->value == '\0' && !v->append))
    return o;

#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH
  if (!v->recursive)
    {
      assert (v->value_length == strlen (v->value));
      o = variable_buffer_output (o, v->value, v->value_length);
    }
  else
   {
     value = recursively_expand (v);
     o = variable_buffer_output (o, value, strlen (value));
     free (value);
   }
#else  /* !CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH */
  value = (v->recursive ? recursively_expand (v) : v->value);

  o = variable_buffer_output (o, value, strlen (value));

  if (v->recursive)
    free (value);
#endif /* !CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH */

  return o;
}

/* Scan STRING for variable references and expansion-function calls.  Only
   LENGTH bytes of STRING are actually scanned.  If LENGTH is -1, scan until
   a null byte is found.

   Write the results to LINE, which must point into `variable_buffer'.  If
   LINE is NULL, start at the beginning of the buffer.
   Return a pointer to LINE, or to the beginning of the buffer if LINE is
   NULL.
 */
char *
variable_expand_string (char *line, const char *string, long length)
{
  struct variable *v;
  const char *p, *p1;
  char *abuf = NULL;
  char *o;
  unsigned int line_offset;

  if (!line)
    line = initialize_variable_output();
  o = line;
  line_offset = line - variable_buffer;

  if (length == 0)
    {
      variable_buffer_output (o, "", 1);
      return (variable_buffer);
    }

  /* If we want a subset of the string, allocate a temporary buffer for it.
     Most of the functions we use here don't work with length limits.  */
  if (length > 0 && string[length] != '\0')
    {
      abuf = xmalloc(length+1);
      memcpy(abuf, string, length);
      abuf[length] = '\0';
      string = abuf;
    }
  p = string;

  while (1)
    {
      /* Copy all following uninteresting chars all at once to the
         variable output buffer, and skip them.  Uninteresting chars end
       at the next $ or the end of the input.  */

      p1 = strchr (p, '$');

      o = variable_buffer_output (o, p, p1 != 0 ? (unsigned int)(p1 - p) : strlen (p) + 1);

      if (p1 == 0)
      break;
      p = p1 + 1;

      /* Dispatch on the char that follows the $.  */

      switch (*p)
      {
      case '$':
        /* $$ seen means output one $ to the variable output buffer.  */
        o = variable_buffer_output (o, p, 1);
        break;

      case '(':
      case '{':
        /* $(...) or ${...} is the general case of substitution.  */
        {
          char openparen = *p;
          char closeparen = (openparen == '(') ? ')' : '}';
            const char *begp;
          const char *beg = p + 1;
          char *op;
            char *abeg = NULL;
          const char *end, *colon;

          op = o;
          begp = p;
          if (handle_function (&op, &begp))
            {
            o = op;
            p = begp;
            break;
            }

          /* Is there a variable reference inside the parens or braces?
             If so, expand it before expanding the entire reference.  */

          end = strchr (beg, closeparen);
          if (end == 0)
              /* Unterminated variable reference.  */
              fatal (*expanding_var, _("unterminated variable reference"));
          p1 = lindex (beg, end, '$');
          if (p1 != 0)
            {
            /* BEG now points past the opening paren or brace.
               Count parens or braces until it is matched.  */
            int count = 0;
            for (p = beg; *p != '\0'; ++p)
              {
                if (*p == openparen)
                  ++count;
                else if (*p == closeparen && --count < 0)
                  break;
              }
            /* If COUNT is >= 0, there were unmatched opening parens
               or braces, so we go to the simple case of a variable name
               such as `$($(a)'.  */
            if (count < 0)
              {
                abeg = expand_argument (beg, p); /* Expand the name.  */
                beg = abeg;
                end = strchr (beg, '\0');
              }
            }
          else
            /* Advance P to the end of this reference.  After we are
                 finished expanding this one, P will be incremented to
                 continue the scan.  */
            p = end;

          /* This is not a reference to a built-in function and
             any variable references inside are now expanded.
             Is the resultant text a substitution reference?  */

          colon = lindex (beg, end, ':');
          if (colon)
            {
            /* This looks like a substitution reference: $(FOO:A=B).  */
            const char *subst_beg, *subst_end, *replace_beg, *replace_end;

            subst_beg = colon + 1;
            subst_end = lindex (subst_beg, end, '=');
            if (subst_end == 0)
              /* There is no = in sight.  Punt on the substitution
                 reference and treat this as a variable name containing
                 a colon, in the code below.  */
              colon = 0;
            else
              {
                replace_beg = subst_end + 1;
                replace_end = end;

                /* Extract the variable name before the colon
                   and look up that variable.  */
                v = lookup_variable (beg, colon - beg);
                if (v == 0)
                  warn_undefined (beg, colon - beg);

                    /* If the variable is not empty, perform the
                       substitution.  */
                if (v != 0 && *v->value != '\0')
                  {
                  char *pattern, *replace, *ppercent, *rpercent;
                  char *value = (v->recursive
                                       ? recursively_expand (v)
                               : v->value);

                        /* Copy the pattern and the replacement.  Add in an
                           extra % at the beginning to use in case there
                           isn't one in the pattern.  */
                        pattern = alloca (subst_end - subst_beg + 2);
                        *(pattern++) = '%';
                        memcpy (pattern, subst_beg, subst_end - subst_beg);
                        pattern[subst_end - subst_beg] = '\0';

                        replace = alloca (replace_end - replace_beg + 2);
                        *(replace++) = '%';
                        memcpy (replace, replace_beg,
                               replace_end - replace_beg);
                        replace[replace_end - replace_beg] = '\0';

                        /* Look for %.  Set the percent pointers properly
                           based on whether we find one or not.  */
                  ppercent = find_percent (pattern);
                  if (ppercent)
                          {
                            ++ppercent;
                            rpercent = find_percent (replace);
                            if (rpercent)
                              ++rpercent;
                          }
                  else
                          {
                            ppercent = pattern;
                            rpercent = replace;
                            --pattern;
                            --replace;
                          }

                        o = patsubst_expand_pat (o, value, pattern, replace,
                                                 ppercent, rpercent);

                  if (v->recursive)
                    free (value);
                  }
              }
            }

          if (colon == 0)
            /* This is an ordinary variable reference.
             Look up the value of the variable.  */
            o = reference_variable (o, beg, end - beg);

        if (abeg)
          free (abeg);
        }
        break;

      case '\0':
        break;

      default:
        if (isblank ((unsigned char)p[-1]))
          break;

        /* A $ followed by a random char is a variable reference:
           $a is equivalent to $(a).  */
          o = reference_variable (o, p, 1);

        break;
      }

      if (*p == '\0')
      break;
      else
      ++p;
    }

  if (abuf)
    free (abuf);

  variable_buffer_output (o, "", 1);
  return (variable_buffer + line_offset);
}

/* Scan LINE for variable references and expansion-function calls.
   Build in `variable_buffer' the result of expanding the references and calls.
   Return the address of the resulting string, which is null-terminated
   and is valid only until the next time this function is called.  */

char *
variable_expand (const char *line)
{
  return variable_expand_string(NULL, line, (long)-1);
}

/* Expand an argument for an expansion function.
   The text starting at STR and ending at END is variable-expanded
   into a null-terminated string that is returned as the value.
   This is done without clobbering `variable_buffer' or the current
   variable-expansion that is in progress.  */

char *
expand_argument (const char *str, const char *end)
{
  char *tmp;

  if (str == end)
    return xstrdup("");

  if (!end || *end == '\0')
    return allocated_variable_expand (str);

#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_OPTIMIZATION_HACKS
  {
    const char saved_char = *end;
    *(char *)end = '\0';
    tmp = allocated_variable_expand ((char *)str);
    *(char *)end = saved_char;
    return tmp;
  }
#else
  tmp = alloca (end - str + 1);
  memcpy (tmp, str, end - str);
  tmp[end - str] = '\0';

  return allocated_variable_expand (tmp);
#endif
}

/* Expand LINE for FILE.  Error messages refer to the file and line where
   FILE's commands were found.  Expansion uses FILE's variable set list.  */

char *
variable_expand_for_file (const char *line, struct file *file)
{
  char *result;
  struct variable_set_list *save;

  if (file == 0)
    return variable_expand (line);

  save = current_variable_set_list;
  current_variable_set_list = file->variables;
  if (file->cmds && file->cmds->fileinfo.filenm)
    reading_file = &file->cmds->fileinfo;
  else
    reading_file = 0;
  result = variable_expand (line);
  current_variable_set_list = save;
  reading_file = 0;

  return result;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_COMMANDS_FUNC
/* Expand LINE for FILE.  Error messages refer to the file and line where
   FILE's commands were found.  Expansion uses FILE's variable set list.

   Differs from variable_expand_for_file in that it takes a pointer to
   where in the variable buffer to start outputting the expanded string.  */

char *
variable_expand_for_file_2 (char *o, const char *line, struct file *file)
{
  char *result;
  struct variable_set_list *save;
  const struct floc *reading_file_saved;

  if (file == 0)
    return variable_expand_string (o, line, (long)-1);

  save = current_variable_set_list;
  current_variable_set_list = file->variables;
  reading_file_saved = reading_file;
  if (file->cmds && file->cmds->fileinfo.filenm)
    reading_file = &file->cmds->fileinfo;
  else
    reading_file = 0;
  result = variable_expand_string (o, line, (long)-1);
  current_variable_set_list = save;
  reading_file = reading_file_saved;

  return result;
}

#endif /* CONFIG_WITH_COMMANDS_FUNC */
/* Like allocated_variable_expand, but for += target-specific variables.
   First recursively construct the variable value from its appended parts in
   any upper variable sets.  Then expand the resulting value.  */

static char *
variable_append (const char *name, unsigned int length,
                 const struct variable_set_list *set)
{
  const struct variable *v;
  char *buf = 0;

  /* If there's nothing left to check, return the empty buffer.  */
  if (!set)
    return initialize_variable_output ();

  /* Try to find the variable in this variable set.  */
  v = lookup_variable_in_set (name, length, set->set);

  /* If there isn't one, look to see if there's one in a set above us.  */
  if (!v)
    return variable_append (name, length, set->next);

  /* If this variable type is append, first get any upper values.
     If not, initialize the buffer.  */
  if (v->append)
    buf = variable_append (name, length, set->next);
  else
    buf = initialize_variable_output ();

  /* Append this value to the buffer, and return it.
     If we already have a value, first add a space.  */
  if (buf > variable_buffer)
    buf = variable_buffer_output (buf, " ", 1);
#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH
  assert (v->value_length == strlen (v->value));
#endif

  /* Either expand it or copy it, depending.  */
  if (! v->recursive)
#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH
    return variable_buffer_output (buf, v->value, v->value_length);
#else
    return variable_buffer_output (buf, v->value, strlen (v->value));
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH
  buf = variable_expand_string (buf, v->value, v->value_length);
#else
  buf = variable_expand_string (buf, v->value, strlen (v->value));
#endif
  return (buf + strlen (buf));
}

#ifdef CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH
/* Expands the specified string, appending it to the specified variable value. */
void
append_expanded_string_to_variable (struct variable *v, const char *value, int append)
{
  unsigned int value_len = strlen (value);
  char *p = (char *) memchr (value, '$', value_len);
  if (!p)
    /* fast path */
    append_string_to_variable (v,value, value_len, append);
  else
    {
      unsigned int off_dollar = p - (char *)value;

      /* Install a fresh variable buffer. */
      char *saved_buffer;
      unsigned int saved_buffer_length;
      install_variable_buffer (&saved_buffer, &saved_buffer_length);

      p = variable_buffer;
      if (append || !v->value_length)
        {
          /* Copy the current value into it and append a space. */
          if (v->value_length)
            {
              p = variable_buffer_output (p, v->value, v->value_length);
              p = variable_buffer_output (p, " ", 1);
            }

          /* Append the assignment value. */
          p = variable_buffer_output (p, value, off_dollar);
          p = variable_expand_string (p, value + off_dollar, value_len - off_dollar);
          p = strchr (p, '\0');
        }
      else
        {
          /* Expand the assignemnt value. */
          p = variable_buffer_output (p, value, off_dollar);
          p = variable_expand_string (p, value + off_dollar, value_len - off_dollar);
          p = strchr (p, '\0');

          /* Append a space followed by the old value. */
          p = variable_buffer_output (p, " ", 1);
          p = variable_buffer_output (p, v->value, v->value_length + 1) - 1;
        }

      /* Replace the variable with the variable buffer. */
      free (v->value);
      v->value = variable_buffer;
      v->value_length = p - v->value;
      v->value_alloc_len = variable_buffer_length;

      /* Restore the variable buffer, but without freeing the current. */
      variable_buffer = NULL;
      restore_variable_buffer (saved_buffer, saved_buffer_length);
    }
}
#endif /* CONFIG_WITH_VALUE_LENGTH */

static char *
allocated_variable_append (const struct variable *v)
{
  char *val;

  /* Construct the appended variable value.  */

  char *obuf = variable_buffer;
  unsigned int olen = variable_buffer_length;

  variable_buffer = 0;

  val = variable_append (v->name, strlen (v->name), current_variable_set_list);
  variable_buffer_output (val, "", 1);
  val = variable_buffer;

  variable_buffer = obuf;
  variable_buffer_length = olen;

  return val;
}

/* Like variable_expand_for_file, but the returned string is malloc'd.
   This function is called a lot.  It wants to be efficient.  */

char *
allocated_variable_expand_for_file (const char *line, struct file *file)
{
  char *value;

  char *obuf = variable_buffer;
  unsigned int olen = variable_buffer_length;

  variable_buffer = 0;

  value = variable_expand_for_file (line, file);

#if 0
  /* Waste a little memory and save time.  */
  value = xrealloc (value, strlen (value))
#endif

  variable_buffer = obuf;
  variable_buffer_length = olen;

  return value;
}

/* Install a new variable_buffer context, returning the current one for
   safe-keeping.  */

void
install_variable_buffer (char **bufp, unsigned int *lenp)
{
  *bufp = variable_buffer;
  *lenp = variable_buffer_length;

  variable_buffer = 0;
  initialize_variable_output ();
}

/* Restore a previously-saved variable_buffer setting (free the current one).
 */

void
restore_variable_buffer (char *buf, unsigned int len)
{
  free (variable_buffer);

  variable_buffer = buf;
  variable_buffer_length = len;
}

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